1804 - United States Senate begin an impeachment trial against Supreme Court of the United States Justice Samuel Chase.
1853 - Crimean War: Battle of Sinope - The Russian fleet destroys the Turkish fleet.
1864 - American Civil War: Battle of Franklin
1886 - Folies Bergre stages its first revue.
1902 - Second-in-command of Butch Cassidy's Wild Bunch gang, Kid Curry Logan, is sentenced to 20 years hard labor.
1936 - In London, the Crystal Palace is destroyed in a fire (it had been built for the 1851 Great Exhibition).
1939 - Winter War begins: Soviet forces invade Finland and reach the Mannerheim Line, starting the war.
1940 - Lucille Ball and Desi Arnaz are married in Greenwich, Connecticut.
1943 - Teheran Conference - Franklin D. Roosevelt, Winston Churchill, and Josef Stalin establish an agreement concerning a planned June 1944 invasion of Europe codenamed Operation Overlord.
1954 - 8.5 pound sulfide meteorite crashes through a roof and hits a Mrs. Elizabeth Hodges in her living room after bouncing off her radio, giving her a bad bruise.
1960 - Production of the De Soto automobile brand ceases.
1962 - The United Nations General Assembly elects U Thant of Burma as the new UN Secretary-General.
1966 - Barbados becomes independent.
1967 - The People's Republic of South Yemen becomes independent from the United Kingdom.
1982 - British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher receives a parcel bomb at 10 Downing Street.
1988 - Kohlberg Kravis Roberts & Co. buys RJR Nabisco for US$25.07 billion.
1989 - Deutsche Bank board member Alfred Herrhausen is killed by a terrorist's bomb.
1993 - US President Bill Clinton signs the Brady Handgun Violence Prevention Act (the Brady Bill) into law.
1998 - Deutsche Bank announces a US$10 billion deal to buy Bankers Trust.
1999 - In Seattle, Washington, anti-globalization movement forces the cancellation of opening ceremonies of a World Trade Organization meeting.
1508 - Andrea Palladio, master builder (d. 1580)
1667 - Jonathan Swift, writer, satirist (d.1745)
1670 - John Toland, philosopher (d. 1722)
1781 - Alexander Berry (d. 1873), Scotish Adventurer, founder of Berry, Australia
1796 - Carl Loewe, composer (d. 1869)
1810 - Oliver Winchester, developer of the Winchester rifle (d. 1880)
1835 - Mark Twain, writer (d. 1910)
1874 - Sir Winston Churchill , British political leader, writer (d. 1965)
1904 - Clyfford Still, painter (d. 1980)
1912 - Gordon Parks, director, writer
1915 - Brownie McGhee, musician (d.1996)
1918 - Efrem Zimbalist Jr., actor
1920 - Virginia Mayo, actress
1924 - Shirley Chisholm, American politician
1924 - Allan Sherman, comedian (d. 1973)
1927 - Richard Crenna, actor (d. 2003)
1927 - Robert Guillaume, actor
1929 - Dick Clark, television host
1930 - G. Gordon Liddy, Watergate scandal figure
1936 - Abbie Hoffman, U.S. anti-war activist
1937 - Ridley Scott, director
1947 - David Mamet, playwright
1951 - Christian Bernard (F.R.C.), Rosicrucian, Imperator of AMORC
1952 - Mandy Patinkin, actor, singer
1955 - Billy Idol, musician
1962 - Bo Jackson, American football and baseball star
1962 - Daniel Keys Moran, science fiction writer
1965 - Ben Stiller, actor, director, producer, writer
1016 - King Ethelred the Unready
1718 - King Charles XII of Sweden
1830 - Pope Pius VIII (b. 1761)
1900 - Oscar Wilde, writer
1901 - Edward John Eyre, explorer
1953 - Francis Picabia, painter, poet
1954 - Wilhelm Furtwngler, conductor
1955 - Josip Stolcer-Slavenski, Croatian composer (b. 1896)
1957 - Beniamino Gigli, tenor
1977 - Terrence Rattigan, writer
1979 - Zeppo Marx, actor
1996 - Tiny Tim, musician
2001 - Robert Tools, first person to receive a fully self-contained artificial heart
2001 - George Harrison, musician, member of the Beatles
2002 - Hans Hartz, musician
2003 - Gertrude Ederle, American swimmer