1534 - Spanish found Quito, Ecuador
1768 - First edition of the Encyclopdia Britannica is published
1790 - United States Congress moves from New York City to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
1877 - First publication of the Washington Post
1884 - Washington Monument completed.
1917 - Finland declares its independence from Russia
1917 - Halifax explosion kills more than 1900 people, destroys part of the city of Halifax, Nova Scotia.
1921 - Irish Free State Agreement signed in London by British and Irish representatives
1922 - One year to the day after the signing of the Anglo-Irish Treaty the Irish Free State comes into existence.
1933 - A federal judge rules that the James Joyce novel Ulysses is not obscene
1947 - Everglades National Park in Florida is dedicated.
1957 - A launchpad explosion thwarts the first United States attempt to launch a satellite (Project Vanguard).
1977 - South Africa grants independence to Bophuthatswana - not recognized by any other country
1978 - Spain approves its latest constitution in a referendum.
1989 - The cole Polytechnique Massacre: a man kills 14 young women in Montreal, Quebec.
1992 - In Ayodhya, India, right-wing Hindus belonging to the nationalist Bharatiya Janata Party and allied organisations demolish the Babri Masjid, a 16th century mosque, which they claim was built upon the birth place of Lord Rama.
1997 - A Russian Antonov AN-124 transport cargo plane crashes into an apartment complex near Irkutsk, Siberia, killing 67
1421 - King Henry VI of England (d. 1471)
1478 - Baldassare Castiglione, Italian diplomat and author (d. 1529)
1586 - Niccoli Zucchi, Italian astronomer (d. 1670)
1731 - Sophie von La Roche, German author (d. 1807)
1778 - Joseph Louis Gay-Lussac, physicist and chemist (d. 1850)
1805 - Adolf Reubke, organ builder (d. 1875)
1805 - Jean Eugne Robert-Houdin, French magician (d. 1861)
1863 - Charles Hall, chemist (d. 1914)
1872 - William S. Hart, actor (d. 1946)
1875 - Evelyn Underhill, English poet (d. 1941)
1886 - Joyce Kilmer, poet (d. 1918)
1887 - Lynne Fontanne, actress (d. 1983)
1890 - Rudolf Schlichter, painter, graphic artist and writer (d. 1955)
1892 - Lina Carstens, actress (d. 1978)
1892 - Sir Osbert Sitwell, English author (d. 1969)
1896 - Ira Gershwin, lyricist (d. 1983)
1898 - Alfred Eisenstaedt, photojournalist (d. 1995)
1900 - Agnes Moorhead, actress (d. 1974)
1903 - Tony Lazzeri, Baseball Hall of Famer
1905 - Jameds Braddock, boxing champion (d. 1974)
1920 - Dave Brubeck, jazz musician
1921 - Otto Graham, American football star
1928 - Bobby Van, singer (d. 1980)
1929 - Nikolaus Harnoncourt, conductor
1932 - Don King, boxing entrepreneur
1933 - Henryk Grecki, composer
1942 - Peter Handke, author, playwright
1948 - JoBeth Williams, actress
1953 - Thomas Hulce, actor
1955 - Steven Wright, comedian
1956 - Peter Buck, musician
1958 - Nick Park, film-maker and animator
1962 - Janine Turner, actress
1971 - Ryan White, AIDS activist (d. 1990)
1993 - Elin Gonzlez, Cuban refugee
1185 - Afonso, first king of Portugal
1352 - Pope Clement VI
1779 - Jean-Baptiste-Simon Chardin, French painter
1882 - Anthony Trollope, author
1889 - Jefferson Davis, President of the Confederate States of America
1892 - Werner von Siemens, German inventor and industrialist
1955 - Honus Wagner, baseball hall of fame
1988 - Roy Orbison, musician
1989 - Frances Bavier, actress
1993 - Don Ameche, actor
2001 - Philip Berrigan, civil rights activist